Mushrooms are the exposed fleshly fruiting body of some natural fungi which are widely distributed with a wide variety of shape, color, and sizes. The plants are very wealthy in protein, vitamins, essential amino-acids, and carbohydrates. Mushrooms are reduced in fat and the fiber is starch-free.
Mushroom production is fairly distinctive from growing one other existing green plants; this is because it generally does not contain any chlorophyll and therefore rely on other plants material, the substrate for food.
Growing mushrooms needs a good knowledge and some skill but the advantages far overshadow the efforts involved.
Steps in mushroom production
1. Choosing an increasing medium 2.Pasteurizing or sterilizing the medium 3.Seeding the beds with spawn (material from mature mushrooms grown on sterile media 4.Maintaining optimal temperature, moisture, and other conditions for mycelium growth and the problems that favors fruiting 5.Harvesting, packaging, and selling the mushrooms 6.Clearing the facility and beginning again.
The very best mushrooms to be produced
White mushrooms: – like all mushrooms, grow from microscopic spores, not seeds. Spores to be properly used must be collected in the nearly sterile environment and then used to inoculate grains or seeds to create spawn(the spawn is similar to seed that produce mushroom),because mushrooms don’t have any chlorophyll, they should get almost all their nutrients from organic matter in their growing medium called substrate usually formulated of numerous materials such as straws, cotton seed, gypsum, corn cobs, cocoa seed hulls, etc. Buy k2 spray Online the substrate is where in fact the mushrooms will fruit and must be sterilized or pasteurized to be able to destroy any fungal or bacterial competitors.
Preparation of the substrate takes about 1-2 weeks. The spawn worked to the substrate and the growing take place in specially constructed houses, where heat and humidity could be regulated. In 2-3 weeks, the substrate becomes filled with the root structure of the mushroom called mycelium.At that point, peat moss is spread on the compost the temperature and humidity of the space must be carefully controlled for the mycelium to develop fully. Eventually, tiny white protrusions form on the mycelium through peat moss called pinning.The pins continue to grow, becoming the mushroom caps, which are the fruit of the plants. It takes 17-25days to create mature mushrooms after the peat moss is applied. Sizes are no indication of maturity in mushrooms. Ripe ones vary from small buttons to large caps. Each crop is harvested over an amount of several weeks. The harvested mushrooms are occur carts, refrigerators, and then packaged and shipped quickly to food processors, supermarkets, and restaurants. All the method from enough time of preparing the substrate till the mushrooms harvested and shipped takes about 3 months.
Oyster mushrooms: – they need more humidity and outdoors compared to white variety. They grow well on a variety of agricultural and wood waste products including hardwood chips, chopped cereal straws or corn cobs. After the growing medium is pasteurized and cooled, then inoculate, that is mixed with spawn and packed right into a plastic bags. Holes are punched in the bags to allow the mycelia to breathe and the bags are hung up or set on racks in the growing rooms. After about 14 days, the mushrooms pop out through the holes and could be harvested.
Shiitake mushrooms: – are grown on logs, either inside or outside. They can also be grown on compressed sawdust logs or in bottles or bags. The logs are carefully handled to avoid soil contact and injury to the bark, which will prevent contamination by competing fungi. Inoculate the logs with spawn, after inoculation; the spawn develops a thread-like network called mycelium growing through the log. During this time period, you have to protect the logs from dehydration by the sun and wind. Spray or mist the logs to keep the humidity necessary to keep the mycelium alive and growing. The mycelium will initiate tiny pinheads at the surface of the log. The pinheads grow into mushrooms next number of days. Harvest must be done after to earn the most effective price for the mushrooms.